Pregnancy is a time of significant changes in a woman’s body, and one such change can be the development of vascular lesions. These are areas of abnormal blood vessels that can appear or worsen during pregnancy, causing concern and discomfort. At Venus Vein Clinic in Omaha, NE, we understand the importance of managing these conditions effectively. We aim to provide expectant mothers with vital information about vascular lesions during pregnancy, including their causes, symptoms, and treatment options.
What Are Vascular Lesions?
Vascular lesions are abnormalities in the blood vessels, which include arteries, veins, and capillaries. These lesions can vary in size, shape, and location and manifest as visible marks or lumps on the skin.
Some common vascular lesions are birthmarks, spider veins, and varicose veins. Birthmarks, like hemangiomas, are usually present at birth and may change in appearance. However, Spider and varicose veins often develop later in life due to factors like age, genetics, or physical strain. While vascular lesions can be purely cosmetic, some may cause discomfort or indicate underlying health issues.
Why Do Vascular Lesions Show Up in Pregnancy?
Vascular lesions can become more prominent or develop during pregnancy due to various physiological changes in a woman’s body. Increased hormones like estrogen and progesterone, along with a significant rise in blood volume to support the growing fetus, can dilate and stretch blood vessels. This expansion makes veins more visible and can cause new vascular lesions.
Moreover, as the uterus enlarges, it puts pressure on the veins in the pelvic area, impairing blood flow back to the heart from the lower body. This increased pressure can exacerbate the development of varicose veins, particularly in the legs and pelvic region. The added weight and pressure of carrying a baby also contribute to this issue.
Additionally, the skin changes during pregnancy, becoming more sensitive and prone to various types of lesions, including vascular ones. These changes are typically more pronounced in the later stages of pregnancy and can vary from mild to more noticeable conditions.
What Treatment Options Are Available for Vascular Lesions During Pregnancy?
Treating vascular lesions during pregnancy requires a careful approach due to the sensitivity of this period for both the mother and the developing baby. The primary goal is to manage symptoms and prevent the progression of the lesions, with an emphasis on safety. Here are some common treatments and management strategies:
Wearing compression stockings or support hose can help reduce swelling and discomfort associated with varicose veins. These garments apply gentle pressure to the legs, promoting better blood flow and reducing the risk of blood pooling.
Simple changes in daily routines can significantly alleviate symptoms. This includes avoiding standing or sitting for prolonged periods, elevating the legs when possible, engaging in regular, low-impact exercise like walking or swimming to improve circulation, and maintaining a healthy weight.
A balanced diet rich in high-fiber foods can prevent constipation, which can exacerbate varicose veins. Also, staying hydrated helps maintain healthy blood circulation.
Manual Lymphatic Drainage
This is a type of gentle massage that can help reduce swelling and discomfort. It should be performed by a qualified professional experienced in treating pregnant women.
Can You Treat Vascular Lesions After Pregnancy?
Vascular lesions can be treated after pregnancy. Many women find that some vascular changes, such as mild spider veins, improve or even disappear in the months following childbirth as the body gradually returns to its pre-pregnancy state. However, more pronounced lesions like varicose veins may persist and require treatment. The treatment options for vascular lesions after pregnancy include:
Sclerotherapy treats spider veins and small varicose veins by injecting a special solution. The solution causes the veins to collapse and eventually be absorbed by the body, leading to their gradual disappearance.
Varithena is an advanced form of sclerotherapy that uses a foam solution for larger varicose veins. The foam displaces blood in the vein, allowing the solution to more effectively interact with the vein walls, leading to their closure.
VenaSeal is a minimally invasive method for sealing off varicose veins using a medical adhesive. It involves a catheter to apply the adhesive without heat or anesthesia, offering a comfortable treatment option. The body eventually absorbs the treated vein, and blood flow is redirected to healthier veins.
Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA)
RFA is used for larger varicose veins, where a catheter with an electrode tip generates heat to seal the vein. This procedure causes the vein to contract and close, effectively addressing prominent varicose veins in an outpatient setting.
How Do You Know Which Treatment Is Right for You?
Determining the most suitable treatment for vascular lesions is best achieved through a professional consultation. Each individual’s condition is unique, and factors such as the size, location, and severity of the issue and overall health play a crucial role in deciding the appropriate treatment.
During a consultation, we can assess these factors, discuss your medical history, and consider your personal preferences. We can then provide expert advice on which treatment option is most appropriate for your specific case. This personalized approach ensures that you receive the most effective and safe treatment.
Take Care of Your Vascular Lesions in Omaha, NE
Managing vascular lesions during pregnancy can be challenging and requires expertise to ensure a safe and comfortable experience. At Venus Vein Clinic in Omaha, NE, we are committed to providing exceptional care and support throughout pregnancy and beyond. With our specialized treatments and personalized approach, we can effectively manage vascular lesions, allowing for a healthier and more comfortable pregnancy and after. Contact us online or call us at (402) 979-8346 to schedule a consultation and learn more about our services.